Energy, Transportation and Environment
Meeting the energy needs of nine billion people by 2050 "while limiting greenhouse gas emissions" is the biggest scientific and technological challenge ever faced by humankind.
The École Polytechnique's laboratories are working to meet these challenges by making renewable energy more competitive and conventional energy more efficient and safe through the following efforts:
>Improving the performance and sustainability of storage procedures,
>Designing smart methods for managing power grids,
>Improving nuclear containment material,
>Improving energy efficiency and analyzing innovative transportation systems,
>Taking into account environmental impact and perfecting the prediction capabilities of digital climate models based on increasingly precise experiments.
Some ongoing projects:
Expanding the electric vehicle market: a case study in ground-breaking innovation
The large-scale launch of an innovation such as the electric car requires major changes to current management systems, which are set up to develop and market traditional vehicles. The Management Research Center (CRG) at the Institut de la Mobilité Durable Renault ParisTech (Renault ParisTech Sustainable Mobility Institute) analyzes economic models to ensure the large-scale and sustainable development of this sector. To mark the CRG’s 40th anniversary, Renault, its employees and its partner Key-moov provided the École Polytechnique campus with fifteen electric cars.
When will the Earth lose all of its oceans?
The Dynamic Meteorology Laboratory (LMD) published its works in the journal Nature in order to allow readers to better understand the evolution of our planet and to determine the conditions needed for liquid water to be present on other planets similar to the Earth. The researchers studied the effect of the naturally increasing brightness of the Sun - a very slow phenomena which is in no way connected to current global warming - on land temperatures. Over the next hundreds of millions of years, theses temperatures will increase. The main consequence will be the complete evaporation of the oceans. An LMD team designed the first three-dimensional climate model capable of simulating this phenomenon. It predicts that the Earth's liquid water will disappear in around one billion years, pushing back the estimates by several hundred million years.