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Key Dates

1794-1804 : Revolution and Napoleonic Period
École Polytechnique was founded in 1794, under the name École Centrale des Travaux Publics (Central School of Public Works), as a response to the dearth of engineers and high-level officials in France.
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19th Century : Thrust Into the Upheaval of the Times
The history of École Polytechnique is closely tied to the periods of political, economic, and social upheaval of the 19th century.
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20th Century : Wars Lead to New Orientations
After 1870, the Army reinforces its position as the Polytechnicians’ principal employer, but scientific studies are not abandoned.
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1958 to Today
After the torment of the two World Wars which took a heavy toll on the school, École Polytechnique finally resumes its original academic mission.
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