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Consequences and sanctions of plagiarism

From a moral point of view: it is a question of intellectual honesty, the student who uses the practice of "copy and paste" discredits his work and thus renounces acquiring knowledge.

From the point of view of law: the notion of "plagiarism" is not formally included in the Intellectual Property Code. Plagiarism, according to its level of gravity, is a counterfeit. Article L122-4 of the Intellectual Property Code provides that "any representation or reproduction in whole or in part without the consent of the author or of his successors or assigns is unlawful and the same shall apply to the translation, adaptation or transformation, arrangement or reproduction by any art or process. "

The use of texts without quotation or reference to their author is therefore illegal. In France, copyright is always held by a creative natural person, never the sponsor, contrary to the patent filed in the context of a service mission that belongs to the employer.

The "plagiare" student, who is guilty of plagiarism, is exposed to a disciplinary and academic sanction decided by the university and a penal sanction inflicted by the correctional court.

A student of the Ecole Polytechnique plagiarist, may be summoned by a disciplinary board, which may decide on a disciplinary sanction (temporary exclusion, final, blame or warning, etc.) according to the status of the person (student of the engineering cycle, student, masters, doctoral students ...).

Concerning the academic sanction, the Ecole Polytechnique sanctions the plagiarists : the studie regulation of the engineering cycle of the School (chapter 1.1, p.4), states that "The attention of students is drawn to the fact that , within the projects, plagiarism, including the "copied-pasted" Internet source, constitutes a fraud. In case of plagiarism, the student automatically receives the F score, leading to the jury without possibility of catching up.

As regards penal sanctions, Articles L335-2 and L335-3 of the Intellectual Property Code provide that the infringement is punishable by three years' imprisonment and a fine of € 300,000.

Article L335-2 of the Intellectual Property Code:
Any edition of writing, musical composition, drawing, painting or any other production, printed or engraved in whole or in part, contrary to the laws and regulations relating to the ownership of the authors, is an infringement and any infringement is an offense.
Counterfeiting in France of works published in France or abroad is punishable by three years' imprisonment and a fine of € 300,000.
The same penalties shall be imposed for the debit, export and import of counterfeit works.
Where the offenses provided for in this article have been committed in organized groups, the penalties shall be increased to five years' imprisonment and a fine of € 500,000.
Article L335-3 of the Intellectual Property Code:
It is also an offense of counterfeiting any reproduction, representation or dissemination, by any means, of a work of the mind in violation of the rights of the author, as defined and regulated by the law.
It is also an infringement of the infringement of one of the rights of the author of a software defined in Article L. 122-6.