[Symposium] Research at l'X for a sustainable development
On June 7, 2019, during the international symposium on sustainable development hosted by l'X, Gérard Mourou, Camille Duprat, Philippe Drobinski and Bérengère Lebental will present the research conducted in their laboratories related to sustainable development.
For 225 years, École Polytechnique has been a space for developing and sharing knowledge. Its Research Center, comprising 23 laboratories, produces cutting-edge results across all fields.
From the heart of an atom to new frontiers in space, as well as economics, resource management, and big data management, the research conducted at École Polytechnique is well positioned to produce decisive technological breakthroughs.
Research at l’X also relates to real-world issues in line with those found in sustainable development, such as fresh water management. On the global scale, fresh water is a scarce resource, representing less than 1% of all water on Earth. Moreover, its quality is far from guaranteed, as 2.6 million people die each year from diseases related to unsafe water.
How can we ensure the availability and optimal use of water in areas of its scarcity? Is it possible to use nanosensors to make cities in emerging countries cleaner and more sustainable? If nuclear power is to be a part of energy transition, how can we manage the final disposal of nuclear waste such that it does not become the burden of future generations? Renewable energy sources represent an incredible opportunity for transition, but at what point can they replace fossil fuels? Could big data and artificial intelligence help us on the road to reduced and improved energy consumption?
The answers to these questions and many others are currently under the microscope at the laboratories of École Polytechnique, where researchers are putting all their energy into tackling the challenges of sustainable development.ication of malaria.
Friday, June 7, 2019 - form 1:30 pm to 2:30 pm
2018 Nobel prize in Physics, Professor Haut-Collège at the École Polytechnique, Gérard Mourou worked for most of his career in the United States, at the University of Rochester (N.Y.) then at the University of Michigan. Director of the Laboratoire d’Optique Appliquée (LOA) from 2005 to 2008, his most important invention remains the laser amplification technique known as Chirped Pulse Amplification (CPA), for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize shared with Donna Strickland. Professor Mourou proposed major research infrastructures such as ELI, Apollon and XCAN. He is Director of IZEST, international research platform associated with over 30 institutions and facilities worldwide.
Camille Duprat is an assistant professor at École Polytechnique. After completing her PhD thesis in hydrodynamics at Université Pierre et Marie Curie, she joined Princeton University as a post-doctoral researcher to work on small-scale fluide-structure interactions. Currently a researcher at the École Polytechnique Hydrodynamics laboratory, her research focuses on textile-liquid interactions, and in particular on fog harvesting nets, using fiber deformation to optimize liquid collection. Camille Duprat holds the Jean Marjoulet professorship, which she dedicates to develop her research on the mechanics of smart textiles.
Philippe Drobinski is a research director at CNRS, associate professor at École Polytechnique and Director of the Dynamic Meteorology Laboratory attached to the Institut Pierre Simon Laplace. He studies the evolution of regional climate in relation to energy resources. At École Polytechnique, he teaches meteorology and renewable energy management, and also coordinates the interdisciplinary Trend-X program. Trend-X brings together 10 research laboratories and stands as a testament to École Polytechnique’s commitment to energy transition.
A physicist specialized in nanomaterial-based sensors, Bérengère Lebental is research director at IFSTTAR, the French Institute of science and technology for transport, development and networks, at LPICM, the laboratory of Physics of Interfaces and Thin Films of X and CNRS. Her research highlights the strong capabilities of nanosensors for urban and environmental monitoring: air pollution, water quality, sustainable infrastructures. She has coordinated several large-scale research projects on this topic: Equipex Sense-City, European projects Proteus and LOTUS. She is cofounder of startup Altaroad making roads smarter and safer.