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Various Types of Research Collaborations

> Contractual research partnerships
> Collaborative research partnerships
> Industrial Agreement for Training through Research (CIFRE)
> Doctoral expert advisor position

Contractual research partnership
A bilateral collaborative research contract for a scientific project is the most common form. The research project is developed based on a topic of mutual interest. The laboratory provides the resources, means, expertise and equipment to obtain results.

> The École Polytechnique's laboratories are involved in many contractual research partnerships with businesses.
Each partner contributes financially to the total cost of the research program. This partnership is formalized by an agreement: it establishes the scientific contribution of each partner to the project (previous knowledge, tasks to be carried out during the project, etc.), project funding, ownership rights of the collaboration results and the conditions for their operation, use and publication.

-RSA Le Rubis, a cutting-edge industrial collaboration.
Titanium-doped sapphire is a material which is vital in the use of ultra intense lasers. As it is a rare commodity, the École Polytechnique joined forces with the SME RSA Le Rubis, which specializes in manufacturing rubies and synthetic stones. It promoted and supported the Grenoble-based company in manufacturing sapphires that it now markets to companies in other business sectors such as optics and luxury (jewelry). Driven by fundamental research, this collaboration with the École Polytechnique played a role in the growth of French industry.

-So  Grid, smart power grids
SOGRID is an industrial project which will make it possible to develop a new generation electronic chip that will be used in the millions of systems connected to the power grid, allowing them to communicate with each other and form a smart grid. This project is financed by France's Agence de l’Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l’Énergie (ADEME - Environment and Energy Management Agency).
The École Polytechnique's Computer Science Laboratory (LIX) actively participates in this project, which brings together six of the largest manufacturers in the field (ERDF, ST Microelectronics, Nexans, Capgemini, SagemCom, Landis&Gyr), 2 SMEs (Trialog and Le LAN) and Grenoble INP in connection with the LAAS of the Toulouse-based CNRS.
The LIX’s  task is to develop algorithms and protocols that will enable ERDF to observe, share and analyze the consumption patterns of grid's users in real time.

-The Institut Photovoltaïque d'Ile de France (Île de France Photovoltaic Institute), a perfect collaboration between school/business
The project for creating the Île de France Photovoltaic Institute was set up in 2012. It is the result of collaboration between EDF, Total, the CNRS and the École Polytechnique, along with Air Liquide, Horiba Jobin Yvon and Riber. This international institute of excellence in carbon-free energy (IEED) is an example of strategic collaboration.
The partners will carry out shared research and development activities in order to improve the performance of existing photovoltaic cells and modules and make them more competitive. They will also develop new thin layer technology and advanced concepts. The IPVF will be based on the Paris-Saclay campus and bring together nearly 180 researchers, teachers and students between now and five to 10 years’ time.

> The École Polytechnique abides by the general principles of the Instituts Carnot intellectual property charter.
-The Applied Mathematics Center (CMAP) and the Computer Science Laboratory (LIX) are part of the Institut Carnot TSN.
-The Solids Mechanics Laboratory (LMS) is part of the Institut Carnot M.I.N.E.S.

Collaborative research partnership
The École Polytechnique's laboratories also take part in collaborative research partnerships supported by outside financing. These include projects from the The French National Research Agency and other national agencies, European projects, and projects backed by local governments.

> Projects financed within the competitiveness cluster by the Fonds Unique Interministériel (FUI - Single Interministry Fund) are particularly extensive because of the strong integration in research between academic and business partners.
> Find out more about the centers of excellence

> The Ecole Polytechnique has been involved in projects as part of the competitiveness clusters:
-TANDEM2 (in collaboration with ASTech and Pégase).
-SMART4G-TABLET (in collaboration with Systematic Paris-Région, Mov'eo, ASTechAdvancity, Pégase and Finance Innovation).

Industrial Agreement for Training through Research (CIFRE )
The CIFRE (Convention Industrielle de Formation par la Recherche) provides businesses with financial aid to recruit young PhD students whose research projects, conducted in conjunction with an outside laboratory, will lead to a thesis being presented. The École Polytechnique has approximately thirty CIFRE PhD students.
For example, this program helps businesses develop an R&D project or improve a scientific skill area.

> A CIFRE agreement involves three partners: a business, a PhD student and a research laboratory that will manage the thesis. The business signs a collaboration contract with the laboratory specifying the research conditions and the ownership clauses for the results obtained by the PhD student in connection with the laboratory.

> The business will establish each CIFRE agreement: a file is created through the National Technology Research Agency (Agence Nationale pour la Recherche technologique).

The doctoral expert advisor position
This system provides businesses with the expertise of a second-year PhD student within a research center laboratory.
Within this framework, businesses can have studies conducted on the market, the competitive positioning of a product or patent, or even an analysis of the strengths and weakness of a technology.

> The framework of a new PhD student contract provides PhD students with additional compensated work in the areas of training, evaluation and scientific communication.

> The PhD student is hired by a company as an expert consultant for a maximum of 32 days per year. This position is formalized by a tripartite agreement between the École Polytechnique, the company and the PhD student, under the supervision of the thesis director. The agreement specifies the type of project and the invoicing details between the École Polytechnique and the company.
The SMEs can receive assistance to partially finance the project.
Contact: sr2pi-contact(at)polytechnique.fr